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The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect
by , Dana Mackenzie

Language

English

Pages

432

Publication Date

May 15, 2018

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Customer Reviews
<div><b>A Turing Award-winning computer scientist and statistician shows how understanding causality has revolutionized science and will revolutionize artificial intelligence</b></div><div><b><br /></b></div><div>"Correlation is not causation." This mantra, chanted by scientists for more than a century, has led to a virtual prohibition on causal talk. Today, that taboo is dead. The causal revolution, instigated by Judea Pearl and his colleagues, has cut through a century of confusion and established causality--the study of cause and effect--on a firm scientific basis. His work explains how we can know easy things, like whether it was rain or a sprinkler that made a sidewalk wet; and how to answer hard questions, like whether a drug cured an illness. Pearl's work enables us to know not just whether one thing causes another: it lets us explore the world that is and the worlds that could have been. It shows us the essence of human thought and key to artificial intelligence. Anyone who wants to understand either needs <i>The Book of Why</i>.<br /><br /></div><div><br /></div>
Think In Systems: The Theory and Practice of Strategic Planning, ...
by Zoe McKey

Language

English

Pages

209

Publication Date

April 21, 2018

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<h2>Are you stuck in a rut despite your best efforts to get out? Looking for long-term solutions to your problems? </h2> <br /><br />We have the best of intentions to improve our conditions, but often our solutions fall short of improving our lives. Sometimes our best efforts can result in the opposite of what we want over time. How can we avoid these unwanted results? <br /><br />If we apply conventional thinking to complex issues, we often maintain or increase the very problems we want to fix. There is, however, a solution to get the desired results. <br /><br /><i>Think in Systems</i> is a concise information manual offering high-level problem-solving methods for personal and global issues. The book presents the main features of systems thinking in an understandable and everyday manner, helping you to develop this skill top analysts and world leaders use. <br /><br />If you thought that complex thinking is only for people who deal with complex issues like running a company or country, think again. Every issue is complex. Running out of gas is a simple problem, but I’m sure you’re dealing with much greater headaches on a daily basis. <br /><br />Your life is a system. Everything that is connected to your system (life) is a part of it. However, you are just a subsystem in the larger picture. Your town, country, the world, the solar system are all bigger systems you are a part of. These systems are interconnected. Whatever you do will affect the system and whatever the system does will affect your life. <br /><br />Systems can have positive and negative effect on your life – or on the life of people generally. The greatest problems like hunger, war, and poverty are all failures in the system. Similarly, fights with your loved ones, being stuck in a rut at your job are also system failures. They are not only your fault. Thus they can’t be fixed with a simple cause-effect thinking. <br /><br /><u>Learn to use systems thinking in your business, relationships, friendships, and general political, socio-economic, and environmental issues. </u><br /><br />Systems thinking boosts your <b>critical thinking skills, makes you more logical, enhances your analytical abilities, and makes you more creative. </b><br /><br />Systems thinking won’t put extra pressure on your cognition. Quite the contrary, you’ll have fewer headaches knowing that you surely didn’t miss any detail when you tried to solve a problem.<br /><br /><br /><h2>"We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them." Albert Einstein</h2><br />•Learn the main aspects, concepts, and models of systems thinking.<br />•<b>Design models and systems maps to solve your problems</b><br />•Find solutions to your underlying problems, not just the symptoms<br />•<b>Improve your mental health, wealth, and relationships</b><br /><br />Systems thinking is a relatively new discipline which doesn’t get the exposure it deserves. However, our world grows more connected, interdependent and complex with each passing day. Becoming a systems thinker will help you to overcome your confusion and fear of missing the whole picture, and help you find more effective solutions to your personal (and if you are up to it), global problems. <br /><br />•Widen your understanding of international economic, political, and socio-economic affairs<br />•<b>Manage your business better</b> <br />•The most helpful materials, books, and experts to learn even more about systems thinking <br /><br />Identify your problems more accurately. <b>Find solutions to your problems, don’t just treat the symptoms.</b> Map out a strategic action plan to change your circumstances. Become more patient by understanding the world – and your place in it – better. Shift your focus from the unimportant details and focus on the real issues. Stay a learner. <br /><br /><h2>Apply systems thinking in your problem solving, decision making, and strategic planning without the need to become a technical professional. </h2><br />
Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Bl...
by Margot Lee Shetterly

Language

English

Pages

373

Publication Date

September 06, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p><strong><em>The #1 New York Times bestseller</em></strong></p><p><em>The phenomenal true story of the black female mathematicians at NASA whose calculations helped fuel some of America’s greatest achievements in space. Soon to be a major motion picture starring </em><em>Taraji P. Henson, Octavia Spencer, Janelle Monae, Kirsten Dunst, and Kevin Costner. </em></p><p>Before John Glenn orbited the earth, or Neil Armstrong walked on the moon, a group of dedicated female mathematicians known as “human computers” used pencils, slide rules and adding machines to calculate the numbers that would launch rockets, and astronauts, into space. </p><p>Among these problem-solvers were a group of exceptionally talented African American women, some of the brightest minds of their generation. Originally relegated to teaching math in the South’s segregated public schools, they were called into service during the labor shortages of World War II, when America’s aeronautics industry was in dire need of anyone who had the right stuff. Suddenly, these overlooked math whizzes had a shot at jobs worthy of their skills, and they answered Uncle Sam’s call, moving to Hampton, Virginia and the fascinating, high-energy world of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. </p><p>Even as Virginia’s Jim Crow laws required them to be segregated from their white counterparts, the women of Langley’s all-black “West Computing” group helped America achieve one of the things it desired most: a decisive victory over the Soviet Union in the Cold War, and complete domination of the heavens. </p><p>Starting in World War II and moving through to the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement and the Space Race, <em>Hidden Figures</em> follows the interwoven accounts of Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, Katherine Johnson and Christine Darden, four African American women who participated in some of NASA’s greatest successes. It chronicles their careers over nearly three decades they faced challenges, forged alliances and used their intellect to change their own lives, and their country’s future.</p><p> </p>
Introducing Game Theory: A Graphic Guide (Introducing.)
by , Tuvana Pastine

Language

English

Pages

176

Publication Date

March 02, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p ><b>When should you adopt an aggressive business strategy? How do we make decisions when we don’t have all the information? What makes international environmental cooperation possible?</b></p><br /><p >Game theory is the study of how we make a decision when the outcome of our moves depends on the decisions of someone else. Economists Ivan and Tuvana Pastine explain why, in these situations, we sometimes cooperate, sometimes clash, and sometimes act in a way that seems completely random.</p><br /><p >Stylishly brought to life by award-winning cartoonist Tom Humberstone, <i>Game Theory</i> will help readers understand behaviour in everything from our social lives to business, global politics to evolutionary biology. It provides a thrilling new perspective on the world we live in.</p>
Who Gets What — and Why: The New Economics of Matchmaking and M...
by Alvin E. Roth

Language

English

Pages

274

Publication Date

June 02, 2015

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<DIV><B>“In his fluent and accessible book, Mr. Roth vividly describes the successes of market design.” — Economist.com​<BR /><BR /> “In this fascinating, often surprising book, Alvin Roth guides us through the jungles of modern life, pointing to the many markets that are hidden in plain view all around us.” — Dan Ariely, author of <I>Predictably Irrational</I> and <I>The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty</I></B><BR />  <BR /> Most of the study of economics deals with commodity markets, where the price of a good connects sellers and buyers. But what about other kinds of “goods,” like a spot in the Yale freshman class or a position at Google? If you’ve ever sought a job or hired someone, applied to college or guided your child into a good kindergarten, asked someone out on a date or been asked out, you’ve participated in a kind of market. This is the territory of matching markets, where “sellers” and “buyers” must choose each other, and price isn’t the only factor determining who gets what.<BR /><BR /> In <I>Who Gets What—and Why,</I> Nobel laureate Alvin E. Roth reveals the matching markets hidden around us and shows us how to recognize a good match and make smarter, more confident decisions.<BR />  <BR /><B>“Mr. Roth’s work has been to discover the most efficient and equitable methods of matching, and implement them in the world. He writes with verve and style . . . <I>Who Gets What—and Why</I> is a pleasure to read.” — <I>Wall Street Journal</I><BR />  <BR /> “A book filled with wit, charm, common sense, and uncommon wisdom.” — Paul Milgrom, professor of economics, Stanford University and Stanford Business School</B></DIV>
Bayes' Theorem Examples: A Visual Introduction For Beginners
by , Mark Koning

Language

English

Pages

112

Publication Date

October 02, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
***** #1 Kindle Store Bestseller in Mathematics (Throughout 2016) *****<br />***** #1 Kindle Store Bestseller in Education Theory (Throughout 2017) *****<br /><b>If you are looking for a short beginners guide packed with visual examples, this book is for you.</b><br /><br /><h2>Bayes' Theorem Examples: A Beginners Visual Approach to Bayesian Data Analysis</h2> <br /><br /><h3>If you’ve recently used Google search to find something, Bayes' Theorem was used to find your search results. The same is true for those recommendations on Netflix.</h3> <br /><br /><h3>Hedge funds? Self-driving cars? Search and Rescue? Bayes' Theorem is used in all of the above and more.</h3> <br /> <br />At its core, Bayes' Theorem is a simple probability and statistics formula that has revolutionized how we understand and deal with uncertainty. If life is seen as black and white, Bayes' Theorem helps us think about the gray areas. When new evidence comes our way, it helps us update our beliefs and create a new belief.<br /><br /><b>Ready to dig in and visually explore Bayes' Theorem? Let’s go!</b> <br /><br /><b>Over 60 hand-drawn visuals</b> are included throughout the book to help you work through each problem as you learn by example. The beautifully hand-drawn visual illustrations are specifically designed and formatted for the kindle.<br /><br />This book also includes sections <b>not found in other books</b> on Bayes' Rule. These include:<br /><ul><br /><li><b>A short tutorial on how to understand problem scenarios and find P(B), P(A), and P(B|A). - </b>For many people, knowing how to approach scenarios and break them apart can be daunting. In this booklet, we provide a quick step-by-step reference on how to confidently understand scenarios.</li><br /><li><b>A few examples of how to think like a Bayesian in everyday life.</b> Bayes' Rule might seem somewhat abstract, but it can be applied to many areas of life and help you make better decisions. Learn how Bayes can help you with critical thinking, problem-solving, and dealing with the gray areas of life. </li><br /><li><b> A concise history of Bayes' Rule. - </b>Bayes' Theorem has a fascinating 200+ year history, and we have summed it up for you in this booklet. From its discovery in the 1700’s to its being used to break the German’s Enigma Code during World War 2.</li><br /><li><b>Fascinating real-life stories on how Bayes' formula is used everyday.</b>From search and rescue to spam filtering and driverless cars, Bayes is used in many areas of modern day life.</li><br /><li><b>An expanded Bayes' Theorem definition, including notations, and proof section. - </b>In this section we define core elementary bayesian statistics terms more concretely. </li><br /><li><b>A recommended readings section</b>From <i>The Theory That Would Not Die</i> to <i>Think Bayes: Bayesian Statistics in Python</i>i> and many more, there are a number of fantastic resources we have collected for further reading.</li><br /></ul><br /><br /><h2>If you are a visual learner and like to learn by example, this intuitive Bayes' Theorem 'for dummies' type book is a good fit for you.</h2><br /><br /><h3>Praise for <i>Bayes' Theorem Examples</i></h3><br /><i>"...What Morris has presented is a useful way to provide the reader with a basic understanding of how to apply the theorem. He takes it easy step by easy step and explains matters in a way that almost anyone can understand. Moreover, by using Venn Diagrams and other visuals, he gives the reader multiple ways of understanding exactly what is going on in Bayes' theorem. The way in which he presents this material helps solidify in the reader's mind how to use Bayes' theorem..."</i> <br />- Doug E. - TOP 100 REVIEWER<br /><br /><i>"...For those who are predominately "Visual Learners", as I certainly am, I highly recommend this book...I believe I gained more from this book than I did from college statistics. Or at least, one fantastic refresher after 20 some years after the fact."</i> <br />- Tin F. TOP 50 REVIEWER
A Mind For Numbers: How to Excel at Math and Science (Even If You...
by Barbara Oakley

Language

English

Pages

332

Publication Date

July 31, 2014

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>The companion book to COURSERA®'s wildly popular massive open online course "Learning How to Learn"</b><br /><br />Whether you are a student struggling to fulfill a math or science requirement, or you are embarking on a career change that requires a new skill set, <i>A Mind for Numbers</i> offers the tools you need to get a better grasp of that intimidating material. Engineering professor Barbara Oakley knows firsthand how it feels to struggle with math. She flunked her way through high school math and science courses, before enlisting in the army immediately after graduation. When she saw how her lack of mathematical and technical savvy severely limited her options—both to rise in the military and to explore other careers—she returned to school with a newfound determination to re-tool her brain to master the very subjects that had given her so much trouble throughout her entire life.<br />  <br /> In <i>A Mind for Numbers</i>, Dr. Oakley lets us in on the secrets to learning effectively—secrets that even dedicated and successful students wish they’d known earlier. Contrary to popular belief, math requires creative, as well as analytical, thinking. Most people think that there’s only one way to do a problem, when in actuality, there are often a number of different solutions—you just need the creativity to see them. For example, there are more than three hundred different known proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem. In short, studying a problem in a laser-focused way until you reach a solution is not an effective way to learn. Rather, it involves taking the time to step away from a problem and allow the more relaxed and creative part of the brain to take over. The learning strategies in this book apply not only to math and science, but to any subject in which we struggle. We all have what it takes to excel in areas that don't seem to come naturally to us at first, and learning them does not have to be as painful as we might think!<br /><br /><br /><i>From the Trade Paperback edition.</i>
How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking
by Jordan Ellenberg

Language

English

Pages

466

Publication Date

May 29, 2014

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>The <i>Freakonomics</i> of math—a math-world superstar unveils the hidden beauty and logic of the world and puts its power in our hands</b><br /><br />The math we learn in school can seem like a dull set of rules, laid down by the ancients and not to be questioned. In <i>How Not to Be Wrong</i>, Jordan Ellenberg shows us how terribly limiting this view is: Math isn’t confined to abstract incidents that never occur in real life, but rather touches everything we do—the whole world is shot through with it.<br /><br />Math allows us to see the hidden structures underneath the messy and chaotic surface of our world. It’s a science of not being wrong, hammered out by centuries of hard work and argument. Armed with the tools of mathematics, we can see through to the true meaning of information we take for granted: How early should you get to the airport? What does “public opinion” really represent? Why do tall parents have shorter children? Who really won Florida in 2000? And how likely are you, really, to develop cancer?<br /><br /><i>How Not to Be Wrong</i> presents the surprising revelations behind all of these questions and many more, using the mathematician’s method of analyzing life and exposing the hard-won insights of the academic community to the layman—minus the jargon. Ellenberg chases mathematical threads through a vast range of time and space, from the everyday to the cosmic, encountering, among other things, baseball, Reaganomics, daring lottery schemes, Voltaire, the replicability crisis in psychology, Italian Renaissance painting, artificial languages, the development of non-Euclidean geometry, the coming obesity apocalypse, Antonin Scalia’s views on crime and punishment, the psychology of slime molds, what Facebook can and can’t figure out about you, and the existence of God.<br /><br />Ellenberg pulls from history as well as from the latest theoretical developments to provide those not trained in math with the knowledge they need. Math, as Ellenberg says, is “an atomic-powered prosthesis that you attach to your common sense, vastly multiplying its reach and strength.” With the tools of mathematics in hand, you can understand the world in a deeper, more meaningful way. How Not to Be Wrong will show you how.
Storytelling with Data: A Data Visualization Guide for Business P...
by Cole Nussbaumer Knaflic

Language

English

Pages

252

Publication Date

October 07, 2015

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>Don't simply show your data—tell a story with it!</b> <p><i>Storytelling with Data</i> teaches you the fundamentals of data visualization and how to communicate effectively with data. You'll discover the power of storytelling and the way to make data a pivotal point in your story. The lessons in this illuminative text are grounded in theory, but made accessible through numerous real-world examples—ready for immediate application to your next graph or presentation.</p> <p>Storytelling is not an inherent skill, especially when it comes to data visualization, and the tools at our disposal don't make it any easier. This book demonstrates how to go beyond conventional tools to reach the root of your data, and how to use your data to create an engaging, informative, compelling story. Specifically, you'll learn how to:</p> <ul> <li>Understand the importance of context and audience</li> <li>Determine the appropriate type of graph for your situation</li> <li>Recognize and eliminate the clutter clouding your information</li> <li>Direct your audience's attention to the most important parts of your data</li> <li>Think like a designer and utilize concepts of design in data visualization</li> <li>Leverage the power of storytelling to help your message resonate with your audience</li> </ul> <p>Together, the lessons in this book will help you turn your data into high impact visual stories that stick with your audience. Rid your world of ineffective graphs, one exploding 3D pie chart at a time. There is a story in your data—<i>Storytelling with Data</i> will give you the skills and power to tell it!</p>
Thinking in Systems: A Primer
by Donella H. Meadows

Language

English

Pages

233

Publication Date

December 03, 2008

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>In the years following her role as the lead author of the international bestseller, <em>Limits to Growth</em>—the first book to show the consequences of unchecked growth on a finite planet— Donella Meadows remained a pioneer of environmental and social analysis until her untimely death in 2001.</p><br /><br /><p><em>Thinking in Systems</em>, is a concise and crucial book offering insight for problem solving on scales ranging from the personal to the global. Edited by the Sustainability Institute’s Diana Wright, this essential primer brings systems thinking out of the realm of computers and equations and into the tangible world, showing readers how to develop the systems-thinking skills that thought leaders across the globe consider critical for 21st-century life.</p><br /><br /><p>Some of the biggest problems facing the world—war, hunger, poverty, and environmental degradation—are essentially system failures. They cannot be solved by fixing one piece in isolation from the others, because even seemingly minor details have enormous power to undermine the best efforts of too-narrow thinking.</p><br /><br /><p>While readers will learn the conceptual tools and methods of systems thinking, the heart of the book is grander than methodology. Donella Meadows was known as much for nurturing positive outcomes as she was for delving into the science behind global dilemmas. She reminds readers to pay attention to what is important, not just what is quantifiable, to stay humble, and to stay a learner.</p><br /><br /><p>In a world growing ever more complicated, crowded, and interdependent, <em>Thinking in Systems</em> helps readers avoid confusion and helplessness, the first step toward finding proactive and effective solutions.</p>

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Kind Reader Monthly Drawing (March 2017)

Congratulations to February 2017's winner Henry H. of New York, USA.

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