Categories

 > Science & Math > History & Philosophy

8,566 results were found

Sort by:

Реликвия русского купечества (Russian E...
by Федотов В. И.

Language

Russian

Pages

Publication Date

March 29, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Взяв за основу исследования историю многочисленных реконструкций здания Московской биржи на Ильинке, 6, и ранее стоявших на этом месте зданий, автор обнаружил интересную закономерность: практически все авторитетные общероссийские и московские купеческие союзы, начиная со времён Дмитрия Донского до наших дней, располагались именно в этом месте или близко к нему. В рамках исследования были введены в научный оборот неизвестные ранее страницы истории предпринимателей и истории архитектуры Москвы.
After 1851: The material and visual cultures of the Crystal Palac...
by Manchester University Press

Language

English

Pages

Publication Date

February 02, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Echoing Joseph Paxton's question at the close of the Great Exhibition, 'What is to become of the Crystal Palace?', this interdisciplinary essay collection argues that there is considerable potential in studying this unique architectural and art-historical document <em>after</em> 1851, when it was rebuilt in the South London suburb of Sydenham. It brings together research on objects, materials and subjects as diverse as those represented under the glass roof of the Sydenham Palace itself; from the Venus de Milo to Sheffield steel, souvenir 'peep eggs' to war memorials, portrait busts to imperial pageants, tropical plants to cartoons made by artists on the spot, copies of paintings from ancient caves in India to 1950s film. Essays do not simply catalogue and collect this eclectic congregation, but provide new ways for assessing the significance of the Sydenham Crystal Palace for both nineteenth- and twentieth-century studies. The volume will be of particular interest to researchers and students of British cultural history, museum studies, and art history.
Rethinking Knowledge: The Heuristic View (European Studies in Phi...
by Carlo Cellucci

Language

English

Pages

427

Publication Date

April 24, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>This monograph addresses the question of the increasing irrelevance of philosophy, which has seen scientists as well as philosophers concluding that philosophy is dead and has dissolved into the sciences. It seeks to answer the question of whether or not philosophy can still be fruitful and what kind of philosophy can be such. </p><p>The author argues that from its very beginning philosophy has focused on knowledge and methods for acquiring knowledge. This view, however, has generally been abandoned in the last century with the belief that, unlike the sciences, philosophy makes no observations or experiments and requires only thought. Thus, in order for philosophy to once again be relevant, it needs to return to its roots and focus on knowledge as well as methods for acquiring knowledge.</p><p>Accordingly, this book deals with several questions about knowledge that are essential to this view of philosophy, including mathematical knowledge. Coverage examines such issues as the nature of knowledge; plausibility and common sense; knowledge as problem solving; modeling scientific knowledge; mathematical objects, definitions, diagrams; mathematics and reality; and more.</p><p> </p><p>This monograph presents a new approach to philosophy, epistemology, and the philosophy of mathematics. It will appeal to graduate students and researchers with interests in the role of knowledge, the analytic method, models of science, and mathematics and reality.</p>
Le Procès de Galilée, d'après les manuscrits du Vatican (Frenc...
by A. Mézières

Language

French

Pages

Publication Date

March 27, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
extrait:<br />.....Il est resté bien des points obscurs dans l’histoire du double<br />procès de Galilée, dont jusqu’ici on ne connaissait<br />qu’imparfaitement les détails....<br />
The Greatest Story Ever Told--So Far
by Lawrence M. Krauss

Language

English

Pages

336

Publication Date

March 21, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>Internationally renowned, award-winning theoretical physicist, <i>New York Times</i> bestselling author of <i>A Universe from Nothing</i>, and passionate advocate for reason, Lawrence Krauss tells the dramatic story of the discovery of the hidden world of reality—a grand poetic vision of nature—and how we find our place within it.</b><BR><BR><i>In the beginning there was light. </i><BR> <i>But more than this, there was gravity. </i><BR> <i>After that, all hell broke loose…</i><BR> <BR> In <i>A Universe from Nothing</i>, Krauss revealed how our entire universe could arise from nothing. Now, he reveals what that something—reality—is. And, reality is not what we think or sense—it’s weird, wild, and counterintuitive; it’s hidden beneath everyday experience; and its inner workings seem even stranger than the idea that something can come from nothing.<BR> <BR> In a landmark, unprecedented work of scientific history, Krauss leads us to the furthest reaches of space and time, to scales so small they are invisible to microscopes, to the birth and rebirth of light, and into the natural forces that govern our existence. His unique blend of rigorous research and engaging storytelling invites us into the lives and minds of the remarkable, creative scientists who have helped to unravel the unexpected fabric of reality—with reason rather than superstition and dogma. Krauss has himself been an active participant in this effort, and he knows many of them well.<i> The Greatest Story </i>challenges us to re-envision ourselves and our place within the universe, as it appears that “God” does play dice with the universe. In the incisive style of his scintillating essays for <i>The New Yorker</i>, Krauss celebrates the greatest intellectual adventure ever undertaken—to understand why we are here in a universe where fact is stranger than fiction.
Origins: Cosmos, Earth, and Mankind
by , Joel de Rosney

Language

English

Pages

224

Publication Date

November 07, 2011

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div>In this potent book, three eminent scientists—an astrophysicist, an organic chemist, and an anthropologist—ponder and discuss some of the basic questions that have obsessed humankind through the ages, and offer thoughtful, enlightening answers in terms the layperson can easily understand. Until now, most of these questions were addressed by religion and philosophy. But science has reached a point where it, too, can voice an opinion. Beginning with the Big Bang roughly fifteen billion years ago, the authors trace the evolution of the cosmos, from the first particles, the atoms, the molecules, the development of cells, organisms, and living creatures, up to the arrival of <I>Homo erectus</I> and <I>Homo sapiens</I>. Proactive, informative, and free of technical or scientific jargon, <I>Origins</I> offers compelling insights into how the universe, life on Earth, and the human species began.</div>
Amore e dovere (Italian Edition)
by Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy

Language

Italian

Pages

Publication Date

March 26, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
La vita dell'autore fu lunga e tragica, nell'accezione più vera del termine, ossia nel senso che essa fu dominata da una profonda, segreta tensione: una vera tragedia dell'anima.<br /><br />Tolstoj stesso riteneva che il 1878 fosse lo spartiacque tra due fasi della sua esistenza, nella prima il grande scrittore (famosissimo e tronfio della fama letteraria), nella seconda la rinascita spirituale.<br /><br />Questa grande frattura sarà fonte di difficoltà, contraddizioni e spesso incomprensioni nello studio della persona, difficoltà che ancor oggi, sono presenti.
The Imagineers of War: The Untold Story of DARPA, the Pentagon Ag...
by Sharon Weinberger

Language

English

Pages

496

Publication Date

March 14, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>The definitive history of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Pentagon agency that has quietly shaped war and technology for nearly sixty years.</b><br /><br />Founded in 1958 in response to the launch of Sputnik, the agency’s original mission was to create “the unimagined weapons of the future.” Over the decades, DARPA has been responsible for countless inventions and technologies that extend well beyond military technology. Sharon Weinberger gives us a riveting account of DARPA’s successes and failures, its remarkable innovations, and its wild-eyed schemes. We see how the threat of nuclear Armageddon sparked investment in computer networking, leading to the Internet, as well as to a proposal to power a missile-destroying particle beam by draining the Great Lakes. We learn how DARPA was responsible during the Vietnam War for both Agent Orange and the development of the world’s first armed drones, and how after 9/11 the agency sparked a national controversy over surveillance with its data-mining research. And we see how DARPA’s success with self-driving cars was followed by disappointing contributions to the Afghanistan and Iraq wars.<br /><br />Weinberger has interviewed more than one hundred former Pentagon officials and scientists involved in DARPA’s projects—many of whom have never spoken publicly about their work with the agency—and pored over countless declassified records from archives around the country, documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act, and exclusive materials provided by sources. <i>The Imagineers of War</i> is a compelling and groundbreaking history in which science, technology, and politics collide.
The Robert Heinlein Interview And Other Heinleiniana
by J. Neil Schulman

Language

English

Pages

204

Publication Date

March 08, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
In 1973, Robert A. Heinlein was sixty-six, at the height of his literary career; J. Neil Schulman was twenty and hadn't yet started his first novel. Because he was looking for a way to meet his idol, Schulman wangled an assignment from the New York Daily News--at the time the largest circulation newspaper in the U.S.--to interview Heinlein for its Sunday Book Supplement. The resulting taped interview lasted three-and-a-half hours. This turned out to be the longest interview Heinlein ever granted, and the only one in which he talked freely and extensively about his personal philosophy and ideology.<br /><br />The Robert Heinlein Interview contains Heinlein you won't find anywhere else--even in Heinlein's own Expanded Universe. If you want to know what Heinlein had to say about UFO's, life after death, epistemology, or libertarianism, this interview is the only source available.<br /><br />Also included in this collection are articles, reviews, and letters that J. Neil Schulman wrote about Heinlein, including the original article written for the Daily News, about which the Heinleins wrote Schulman that it was, "The best article--in style, content, and accuracy--of the many, many written about him over the years."<br /><br />This book is must-reading for any serious student of Heinlein, or any reader of his seeking to know him better.<br /><br />Praise for The Robert Heinlein Interview<br /><br />"I've been encouraging Neil for years to bring out his interview with Robert as a book. To my knowledge, this is the longest interview Robert ever gave. Here is a book that should be on the shelves of everyone interested in science fiction. Libertarians will be using it as a source for years to come."<br />--Virginia Heinlein <br /><br />"On June 26 [1973], Schulman phoned to discuss the interview, and Heinlein gave the most 'personal' interview he had ever done ..."<br />--William H. Patterson Jr., Robert A. Heinlein: In Dialogue with His Century: 1948-1988 The Man Who Learned Better<br /><br />"I could hear Heinlein's voice in Schulman's faithful transcription of the interview, and more important, I heard an exchange of ideas -- on politics, religion, epistemology, and teleology -- that one rarely encounters in an era schizophrenically split between powder-puff PR pieces and confrontational ambush interviews."<br />--Victor Koman, author of Kings of the High Frontier, reviewing for the Heinlein Society<br /><br />"Once in a while you find a writer who says with almost perfect clarity the things you have been thinking. The interview with RAH is the crown jewel of the book. On my scale of 0 to 5, this is worth reading, worth rereading, and worth keeping to read again."<br />--Darryl Kenning, Reading For Pleasure<br /><br />"Schulman's book helps put the great master's work and life in context, helps us to see the magnitude and beauty of Heinlein's accomplishments."<br />--Stephan Kinsella, GEnie Science Fiction and Fantasy RoundTable<br /><br />"The more Heinlein you read, the more you must read. Inevitably, your curiosity about who he was and how he became one of the world's most extraordinary writers begins to eat at your intelligence. Incredibly, J. Neil Schulman, a mere boy at the time, was able to gain Heinlein's complete confidence and trust. This text of the interview Schulman was able to arrange with Heinlein will answer a thousand questions for you. Schulman was as prepared to interview the great man as any person could have possibly been. Any consideration of Heinlein's life and work will be incomplete without including this small in size, but gigantic in significance, look into the mind of Heinlein, whose genius will only be regarded as greater with every passing year. The author, Schulman, went on to become a terrific science fiction writer himself, winning two Prometheus awards of his own."<br />--Jack Landman, host, Cybercity Radio
How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain
by Lisa Feldman Barrett

Language

English

Pages

448

Publication Date

March 07, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div><b>A new theory of how the brain constructs emotions that could revolutionize psychology, health care, the legal system, and our understanding of the human mind</b><br /><br /> Emotions feel automatic, like uncontrollable reactions to things we think and experience. Scientists have long supported this assumption by claiming that emotions are hardwired in the body or the brain. Today, however, the science of emotion is in the midst of a revolution on par with the discovery of relativity in physics and natural selection in biology--and this paradigm shift has far-reaching implications for us all.<br />   <br /> Leading the charge is psychologist and neuroscientist Lisa Feldman Barrett, whose theory of emotion is driving a deeper understanding of the mind and brain, and shedding new light on what it means to be human. Her research overturns the widely held belief that emotions are housed in different parts of the brain and are universally expressed and recognized. Instead, she has shown that emotion is constructed in the moment, by core systems that interact across the whole brain, aided by a lifetime of learning. This new theory means that you play a much greater role in your emotional life than you ever thought. Its repercussions are already shaking the foundations not only of psychology but also of medicine, the legal system, child-rearing, meditation, and even airport security.<br />   <br /> Why do emotions feel automatic? Does rational thought really control emotion? How does emotion affect disease? How can you make your children more emotionally intelligent? <i>How Emotions Are Made</i> answers these questions and many more, revealing the latest research and intriguing practical applications of the new science of emotion, mind, and brain. </div>

Enter the Kind Reader Monthly Drawing

Kind Reader Monthly Drawing (March 2017)

Congratulations to February 2017's winner Henry H. of New York, USA.