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The Perfectionists: How Precision Engineers Created the Modern Wo...
by Simon Winchester

Language

English

Pages

411

Publication Date

May 08, 2018

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<p>The revered <em>New York Times</em> bestselling author traces the development of technology from the Industrial Age to the Digital Age to explore the single component crucial to advancement—precision—in a superb history that is both an homage and a warning for our future.</p><p>The rise of manufacturing could not have happened without an attention to precision. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in eighteenth-century England, standards of measurement were established, giving way to the development of machine tools—machines that make machines. Eventually, the application of precision tools and methods resulted in the creation and mass production of items from guns and glass to mirrors, lenses, and cameras—and eventually gave way to further breakthroughs, including gene splicing, microchips, and the Hadron Collider.</p><p>Simon Winchester takes us back to origins of the Industrial Age, to England where he introduces the scientific minds that helped usher in modern production: John Wilkinson, Henry Maudslay, Joseph Bramah, Jesse Ramsden, and Joseph Whitworth. It was Thomas Jefferson who later exported their discoveries to the fledgling United States, setting the nation on its course to become a manufacturing titan. Winchester moves forward through time, to today’s cutting-edge developments occurring around the world, from America to Western Europe to Asia.</p><p>As he introduces the minds and methods that have changed the modern world, Winchester explores fundamental questions. Why is precision important? What are the different tools we use to measure it? Who has invented and perfected it? Has the pursuit of the ultra-precise in so many facets of human life blinded us to other things of equal value, such as an appreciation for the age-old traditions of craftsmanship, art, and high culture? Are we missing something that reflects the world as it is, rather than the world as we think we would wish it to be? And can the precise and the natural co-exist in society?</p>
The Plutonium Files: America's Secret Medical Experiments in the ...
by Eileen Welsome

Language

English

Pages

594

Publication Date

October 20, 2010

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When the vast wartime factories of the Manhattan Project began producing plutonium in quantities never before seen on earth, scientists working on the  top-secret bomb-building program grew apprehensive. Fearful that plutonium  might cause a cancer epidemic among workers and desperate to learn more about what it could do to the human body, the Manhattan Project's medical doctors embarked upon an experiment in which eighteen unsuspecting patients in  hospital wards throughout the country were secretly injected with the cancer-causing substance. Most of these patients would go to their graves without ever knowing what had been done to them.<br /><br />Now, in <b>The Plutonium Files</b>, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Eileen Welsome reveals for the first time the breadth of the extraordinary fifty-year cover-up surrounding the plutonium injections, as well as the deceitful nature of thousands of other experiments conducted on American citizens in the postwar years. <br /><br />Welsome's remarkable investigation spans the 1930s to the 1990s and draws upon hundreds of newly declassified documents and other primary sources to disclose this shadowy chapter in American history. She gives a voice to such innocents as Helen Hutchison, a young woman who entered a prenatal clinic in Nashville for a routine checkup and was instead given a radioactive "cocktail" to drink; Gordon Shattuck, one of several boys at a state school for the developmentally disabled in Massachusetts who was fed radioactive oatmeal for breakfast; and Maude Jacobs, a Cincinnati woman suffering from cancer and subjected to an experimental radiation treatment designed to help military planners learn how to win a nuclear war. <br /><br />Welsome also tells the stories of the scientists themselves, many of whom learned the ways of secrecy on the Manhattan Project. Among them are Stafford Warren, a grand figure whose bravado masked a cunning intelligence; Joseph Hamilton, who felt he was immune to the dangers of radiation only to suffer later from a fatal leukemia; and physician Louis Hempelmann, one of the most enthusiastic supporters of the plan to inject humans with potentially carcinogenic doses of plutonium. Hidden discussions of fifty years past are reconstructed here, wherein trusted government officials debated the ethical and legal implications of the experiments, demolishing forever the argument that these studies took place in a less enlightened era. <br /><br />Powered by her groundbreaking reportage and singular narrative gifts, Eileen Welsome has created a work of profound humanity as well as major historical significance.<br /><br /><br /><i>From the Hardcover edition.</i>
Crash Test Girl: An Unlikely Experiment in Using the Scientific M...
by Kari Byron

Language

English

Pages

256

Publication Date

May 08, 2018

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p><strong>Kari Byron—former host of the wildly popular, iconic cult classic <em>MythBusters</em>—shows how to crash test your way through life, no lab coat required. </strong></p><p>Kari Byron’s story hasn’t been a straight line. She started out as a broke artist living in San Francisco, writing poems on a crowded bus on the way to one of her three jobs. Many curve balls, unexpected twists, and yes, literal and figurative explosions later, and she’s one of the world’s most respected women in science entertainment, blowing stuff up on national television and getting paid for it! In <em>Crash Test Girl</em>, Kari reveals her fascinating life story on the set of <em>MythBusters</em> and beyond. With her signature gusto and roll-up-your-sleeves enthusiasm, she invites readers behind the duct tape and the dynamite, to the unlikely friendships and low-budget sets that turned a crazy idea into a famously inventive show with a rabid fanbase. </p><p>The truth is, <em>Mythbusters</em> was never meant to be a science show. But attaching a rocket to a car, riding a motorcycle on water, or lighting 500 pounds of coffee creamer on fire requires a decent understanding of chemistry, physics, and engineering. Thus, the cast and crew brought in the scientific method to work through each problem: Question. Hypothesize. Experiment. Analyze. Conclude. And as Kari came to learn in her own life, not only is the scientific method the best approach for busting myths, it’s also the perfect tool for solving everyday issues, including:</p><p>Career · Love · Creativity · Setbacks · Money · Sexuality · Depression · Bravery</p><p><em>Crash Test Girl</em> reminds us that science is for everyone, as long as you’re willing to strap in, put on your safety goggles, hit a few walls, and learn from the results. Using a combination of methodical experimentation and unconventional creativity, you’ll come to the most important conclusion of all: In life, sometimes you crash and burn, but you can always crash and learn.</p>
Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
by Max Tegmark

Language

English

Pages

384

Publication Date

August 29, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b><i>New York Times</i> Best Seller<br /><br />How will Artificial Intelligence affect crime, war, justice, jobs, society and our very sense of being human? The rise of AI has the potential to transform our future more than any other technology—and there’s nobody better qualified or situated to explore that future than Max Tegmark, an MIT professor who’s helped mainstream research on how to keep AI beneficial.</b><br />  <br /> How can we grow our prosperity through automation without leaving people lacking income or purpose? What career advice should we give today’s kids? How can we make future AI systems more robust, so that they do what we want without crashing, malfunctioning or getting hacked? Should we fear an arms race in lethal autonomous weapons? Will machines eventually outsmart us at all tasks, replacing humans on the job market and perhaps altogether? Will AI help life flourish like never before or give us more power than we can handle?<br />  <br /> What sort of future do <i>you</i> want? This book empowers you to join what may be the most important conversation of our time. It doesn’t shy away from the full range of viewpoints or from the most controversial issues—from superintelligence to meaning, consciousness and the ultimate physical limits on life in the cosmos.
The Hot Zone: The Terrifying True Story of the Origins of the Ebo...
by Richard Preston

Language

English

Pages

450

Publication Date

March 14, 2012

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Customer Reviews
<b>The bestselling landmark account of the first emergence of the Ebola virus.</b> A highly infectious, deadly virus from the central African rain forest suddenly appears in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. There is no cure. In a few days 90 percent of its victims are dead. A secret military SWAT team of soldiers and scientists is mobilized to stop the outbreak of this exotic "hot" virus. <i>The Hot Zone</i> tells this dramatic story, giving a hair-raising account of the appearance of rare and lethal viruses and their "crashes" into the human race. Shocking, frightening, and impossible to ignore, <i>The Hot Zone</i> proves that truth really is scarier than fiction.
The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark
by Carl Sagan

Language

English

Pages

457

Publication Date

July 06, 2011

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b><b>A prescient warning of a future we now inhabit, where fake news stories and Internet conspiracy theories play to a disaffected American populace</b><br /><br /><b>“</b>A glorious book . . . A spirited defense of science . . . From the first page to the last, this book is a manifesto for clear thought.”—<i>Los Angeles Times</i></b><br /><br /> How can we make intelligent decisions about our increasingly technology-driven lives if we don’t understand the difference between the myths of pseudoscience and the testable hypotheses of science? Pulitzer Prize-winning author and distinguished astronomer Carl Sagan argues that scientific thinking is critical not only to the pursuit of truth but to the very well-being of our democratic institutions.<br /><br /> Casting a wide net through history and culture, Sagan examines and authoritatively debunks such celebrated fallacies of the past as witchcraft, faith healing, demons, and UFOs. And yet, disturbingly, in today's so-called information age, pseudoscience is burgeoning with stories of alien abduction, channeling past lives, and communal hallucinations commanding growing attention and respect. As Sagan demonstrates with lucid eloquence, the siren song of unreason is not just a cultural wrong turn but a dangerous plunge into darkness that threatens our most basic freedoms.<br /><br /> <b>Praise for<i> The Demon-Haunted World</i></b><br /><br /> “Powerful . . . A stirring defense of informed rationality. . . Rich in surprising information and beautiful writing.”<b>—<i>The Washington Post Book World</i></b><br /><br /> “Compelling.”<b>—<i>USA Today</i></b><br /><br /> “A clear vision of what good science means and why it makes a difference. . . . A testimonial to the power of science and a warning of the dangers of unrestrained credulity.”<b>—<i>The Sciences</i></b><br /><br /> “Passionate.”<b>—<i>San Francisco Examiner-Chronicle</i></b>
The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe: How to Know What's Really Re...
by Steven Novella

Language

English

Pages

448

Publication Date

October 02, 2018

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div><b>An all-encompassing guide to skeptical thinking in the popular "The Skeptics Guide to the Universe" podcast's dryly humorous, accessible style. </b></div><div><br /></div><div>It's intimidating to realize that we live in a world overflowing with misinformation, bias, myths, deception, and flawed knowledge. There really are no ultimate authority figures-no one has the secret and there is no place to look up the definitive answers to our questions (not even Google). But, by thinking skeptically and logically, we can combat sloppy reasoning, bad arguments and superstitious thinking. It's difficult, and takes a lot of vigilance, but it's worth the effort. <br /><br />In this tie-in to their incredibly popular "The Skeptics Guide to the Universe" podcast, Steven Novella, MD along with "Skeptical Rogues" Bob Novella, Cara Santa Maria, Jay Novella, and Evan Bernstein will explain the tenets of skeptical thinking and debunk some of the biggest scientific myths, fallacies and conspiracy theories (Anti-vaccines, homeopathy, UFO sightings, etc.) They'll help us try to make sense of what seems like an increasingly crazy world using powerful tools like science and philosophy. THE SKEPTICS' GUIDE TO THE UNIVERSE is your guide through this maze of modern life. It covers essential critical thinking skills, as well as giving insight into how your brain works and how to avoid common pitfalls in thinking. They discuss the difference between science and pseudoscience, how to recognize common science news tropes, how to discuss conspiracy theories with that crazy coworker of yours, and how to apply all of this to everyday life.<br /><br />So, are you ready to join them on an epic scientific quest, one that has taken us from huddling in dark caves to stepping foot on the Moon? (Yes, we really did that.) Like all adventures, this one is foremost a journey of self discovery. The monsters you will slay and challenges you will face are mostly constructs of your own mind. With the SKEPTIC'S GUIDE TO THE UNIVERSE, we can do this together.<br /><br /></div>
The Craft of Research, Fourth Edition (Chicago Guides to Writing,...
by , William T. FitzGerald

Language

English

Pages

336

Publication Date

October 07, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div>With more than three-quarters of a million copies sold since its first publication, <i>The Craft of Research</i> has helped generations of researchers at every level—from first-year undergraduates to advanced graduate students to research reporters in business and government—learn how to conduct effective and meaningful research. Conceived by seasoned researchers and educators Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams, this fundamental work explains how to find and evaluate sources, anticipate and respond to reader reservations, and integrate these pieces into an argument that stands up to reader critique.<br /><br /><br /><br />The fourth edition has been thoroughly but respectfully revised by Joseph Bizup and William T. FitzGerald. It retains the original five-part structure, as well as the sound advice of earlier editions, but reflects the way research and writing are taught and practiced today. Its chapters on finding and engaging sources now incorporate recent developments in library and Internet research, emphasizing new techniques made possible by online databases and search engines. Bizup and FitzGerald provide fresh examples and standardized terminology to clarify concepts like <i>argument</i>, <i>warrant</i>, and <i>problem</i>.<br /><br /><br /><br />Following the same guiding principle as earlier editions—that the skills of doing and reporting research are not just for elite students but for everyone—this new edition retains the accessible voice and direct approach that have made <i>The Craft of Research</i> a leader in the field of research reference. With updated examples and information on evaluation and using contemporary sources, this beloved classic is ready for the next generation of researchers.</div>
Programming Arduino: Getting Started with Sketches (Tab)
by Simon Monk

Language

English

Pages

192

Publication Date

June 29, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p><strong>A fully updated guide to quickly and easily programming Arduino</strong></p> <p>Thoroughly revised for the new Arduino Uno R3, this bestselling guide explains how to write well-crafted sketches using Arduino’s modified C language. You will learn how to configure hardware and software, develop your own sketches, work with built-in and custom Arduino libraries, and explore the Internet of Things—all with no prior programming experience required!</p> <p>Electronics guru Simon Monk gets you up to speed quickly, teaching all concepts and syntax through simple language and clear instruction designed for absolute beginners. <em>Programming Arduino: Getting Started with Sketches</em>, Second Edition, features dozens of easy-to-follow examples and high-quality illustrations. All of the sample sketches featured in the book can be used as-is or modified to suit your needs.</p> <ul><li>An all-new chapter teaches programming Arduino for Internet of Things projects</li> <li>Screenshots, diagrams, and source code illustrate each technique</li> <li>All sample programs in the book are available for download</li> </ul>
The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time
by Jonathan Weiner

Language

English

Pages

354

Publication Date

May 14, 2014

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>Winner of the Pulitzer Prize<br />Winner of the <i>Los Angeles Times</i> Book Prize</b><br /><br />On a desert island in the heart of the Galapagos archipelago, where Darwin received his first inklings of the theory of evolution, two scientists, Peter and Rosemary Grant, have spent twenty years proving that Darwin did not know the strength of his own theory. For among the finches of Daphne Major, natural selection is neither rare nor slow: it is taking place by the hour, and we can watch.<br /><br />In this dramatic story of groundbreaking scientific research, Jonathan Weiner follows these scientists as they watch Darwin's finches and come up with a new understanding of life itself. <i>The Beak of the Finch </i>is an elegantly written and compelling masterpiece of theory and explication in the tradition of Stephen Jay Gould.<br /><br />With a new preface.<br /><br /><br /><i>From the Trade Paperback edition.</i>

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Kind Reader Monthly Drawing (March 2017)

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