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Accidental Medical Discoveries: How Tenacity and Pure Dumb Luck C...
by Robert W. Winters

Language

English

Pages

261

Publication Date

November 22, 2016

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Customer Reviews
Many of the world’s most important and life-saving devices and techniques were often discovered purely by accident. Serendipity, timing, and luck played a part in the discovery of unintentional cures and breakthroughs:<BR><BR>A plastic shard in an RAF pilot’s eye leads to the use of plastic for contact lenses.<BR>The inability to remove a titanium chamber from rabbit’s bone leads to dental implants.<BR>Viagra was discovered by a group of chemists, working in the lab to find a new drug to alleviate the pain of angina pectoris.<BR>A stretch of five weeks of unusually warm weather in 1928 played a role in assisting Dr. Alexander Fleming in his analysis of bacterial growth and the discovery of penicillin.<BR>After studying the effects of the venom injected by the bite of a deadly pit viper snake, chemists developed a groundbreaking drug that works to control blood pressure.<BR><BR><B><I>Accidental Medical Discoveries</B></I> is an entertaining and enlightening look at the creation of 25 medical inventions that have changed the world – unintentionally. The book is presented in a lively and engaging way, and will appeal to a wide variety of readers, from history buffs to trivia fanatics to those in the medical profession.
The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe: How to Know What's Really Re...
by Steven Novella

Language

English

Pages

473

Publication Date

October 02, 2018

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div><b>A <i>USA TODAY</i> BESTSELLER</b></div><div><b><br /></b></div><div><b>An all-encompassing guide to skeptical thinking from podcast host and academic neurologist at Yale University School of Medicine Steven Novella and his SGU co-hosts</b><b>, which Richard Wiseman calls "the perfect primer for anyone who wants to separate fact from fiction."</b></div><div><b><br /></b></div><div>It is intimidating to realize that we live in a world overflowing with misinformation, bias, myths, deception, and flawed knowledge. There really are no ultimate authority figures-no one has the secret, and there is no place to look up the definitive answers to our questions (not even Google).</div><div><br /></div><div><div title="Page 2"><div><div> Luckily, THE SKEPTICS' GUIDE TO THE UNIVERSE is your map through this maze of modern life. Here Dr. Steven Novella-along with Bob Novella, Cara Santa Maria, Jay Novella, and Evan Bernstein-will explain the tenets of skeptical thinking and debunk some of the biggest scientific myths, fallacies, and conspiracy theories-from anti-vaccines to homeopathy, UFO sightings to N- rays. You'll learn the difference between science and pseudoscience, essential critical thinking skills, ways to discuss conspiracy theories with that crazy co- worker of yours, and how to combat sloppy reasoning, bad arguments, and superstitious thinking. <br /><br /> So are you ready to join them on an epic scientific quest, one that has taken us from huddling in dark caves to setting foot on the moon? (Yes, we really did that.) DON'T PANIC! With THE SKEPTICS' GUIDE TO THE UNIVERSE, we can do this together.<br /></div></div><div><br /></div></div></div><div><b>"Thorough, informative, and enlightening, <i>The Skeptic's Guide to the Universe</i> inoculates you against the frailties and shortcomings of human cognition. If this book does not become required reading for us all, we may well see modern civilization unravel before our eyes."</b></div><div><b>--Neil deGrasse Tyson</b></div><div><br /></div><div><b>"In this age of real and fake information, your ability to reason, to think in scientifically skeptical fashion, is the most important skill you can have. Read <i>The Skeptics' Guide Universe</i>; get better at reasoning. And if this claim about the importance of reason is wrong, <i>The Skeptics' Guide </i>will help you figure that out, too." </b></div><div><b>--Bill Nye<br /></b><br /></div>
The Hot Zone: The Terrifying True Story of the Origins of the Ebo...
by Richard Preston

Language

English

Pages

450

Publication Date

March 14, 2012

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Customer Reviews
<b>The bestselling landmark account of the first emergence of the Ebola virus.</b> <br /><br /><b>Now a mini-series drama starring Julianna Margulies, Topher Grace, Liam Cunningham, James D'Arcy, and Noah Emmerich on National Geographic.<br /></b><br />A highly infectious, deadly virus from the central African rain forest suddenly appears in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. There is no cure. In a few days 90 percent of its victims are dead. A secret military SWAT team of soldiers and scientists is mobilized to stop the outbreak of this exotic "hot" virus. <i>The Hot Zone</i> tells this dramatic story, giving a hair-raising account of the appearance of rare and lethal viruses and their "crashes" into the human race. Shocking, frightening, and impossible to ignore, <i>The Hot Zone</i> proves that truth really is scarier than fiction.
The Craft of Research, Fourth Edition (Chicago Guides to Writing,...
by , William T. FitzGerald

Language

English

Pages

336

Publication Date

October 07, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div>With more than three-quarters of a million copies sold since its first publication, <i>The Craft of Research</i> has helped generations of researchers at every level—from first-year undergraduates to advanced graduate students to research reporters in business and government—learn how to conduct effective and meaningful research. Conceived by seasoned researchers and educators Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams, this fundamental work explains how to find and evaluate sources, anticipate and respond to reader reservations, and integrate these pieces into an argument that stands up to reader critique.<br /><br /><br /><br />The fourth edition has been thoroughly but respectfully revised by Joseph Bizup and William T. FitzGerald. It retains the original five-part structure, as well as the sound advice of earlier editions, but reflects the way research and writing are taught and practiced today. Its chapters on finding and engaging sources now incorporate recent developments in library and Internet research, emphasizing new techniques made possible by online databases and search engines. Bizup and FitzGerald provide fresh examples and standardized terminology to clarify concepts like <i>argument</i>, <i>warrant</i>, and <i>problem</i>.<br /><br /><br /><br />Following the same guiding principle as earlier editions—that the skills of doing and reporting research are not just for elite students but for everyone—this new edition retains the accessible voice and direct approach that have made <i>The Craft of Research</i> a leader in the field of research reference. With updated examples and information on evaluation and using contemporary sources, this beloved classic is ready for the next generation of researchers.</div>
Six Easy Pieces: Essentials of Physics Explained by Its Most Bril...
by , Matthew Sands

Language

English

Pages

180

Publication Date

March 22, 2011

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Customer Reviews
<div><b>"If one book was all that could be passed on to the next generation of scientists it would undoubtedly have to be <i>Six Easy Pieces.</i>"- John Gribbin, <i>New Scientist</i></b></div><div><br /></div><div>It was Richard Feynman's outrageous and scintillating method of teaching that earned him legendary status among students and professors of physics. From 1961 to 1963, Feynman delivered a series of lectures at the California Institute of Technology that revolutionized the teaching of physics around the world. <i>Six Easy Pieces</i>, taken from these famous Lectures on Physics, represent the most accessible material from the series.</div><div><br /></div><div>In these classic lessons, Feynman introduces the general reader to the following topics: atoms, basic physics, energy, gravitation, quantum mechanics, and the relationship of physics to other topics. With his dazzling and inimitable wit, Feynman presents each discussion with a minimum of jargon. Filled with wonderful examples and clever illustrations, <i>Six Easy Pieces</i> is the ideal introduction to the fundamentals of physics by one of the most admired and accessible physicists of modern times.</div>
The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark
by Carl Sagan

Language

English

Pages

457

Publication Date

July 06, 2011

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Customer Reviews
<b><b>A prescient warning of a future we now inhabit, where fake news stories and Internet conspiracy theories play to a disaffected American populace</b><br /><br /><b>“</b>A glorious book . . . A spirited defense of science . . . From the first page to the last, this book is a manifesto for clear thought.”—<i>Los Angeles Times</i></b><br /><br /> How can we make intelligent decisions about our increasingly technology-driven lives if we don’t understand the difference between the myths of pseudoscience and the testable hypotheses of science? Pulitzer Prize-winning author and distinguished astronomer Carl Sagan argues that scientific thinking is critical not only to the pursuit of truth but to the very well-being of our democratic institutions.<br /><br /> Casting a wide net through history and culture, Sagan examines and authoritatively debunks such celebrated fallacies of the past as witchcraft, faith healing, demons, and UFOs. And yet, disturbingly, in today's so-called information age, pseudoscience is burgeoning with stories of alien abduction, channeling past lives, and communal hallucinations commanding growing attention and respect. As Sagan demonstrates with lucid eloquence, the siren song of unreason is not just a cultural wrong turn but a dangerous plunge into darkness that threatens our most basic freedoms.<br /><br /> <b>Praise for<i> The Demon-Haunted World</i></b><br /><br /> “Powerful . . . A stirring defense of informed rationality. . . Rich in surprising information and beautiful writing.”<b>—<i>The Washington Post Book World</i></b><br /><br /> “Compelling.”<b>—<i>USA Today</i></b><br /><br /> “A clear vision of what good science means and why it makes a difference. . . . A testimonial to the power of science and a warning of the dangers of unrestrained credulity.”<b>—<i>The Sciences</i></b><br /><br /> “Passionate.”<b>—<i>San Francisco Examiner-Chronicle</i></b>
The Universe Speaks in Numbers: How Modern Math Reveals Nature's ...
by Graham Farmelo

Language

English

Pages

291

Publication Date

May 28, 2019

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div><div><b>How math helps us solve the universe's deepest mysteries</b></div><div><div> </div><div> </div><div>One of the great insights of science is that the universe has an underlying order. The supreme goal of physicists is to understand this order through laws that describe the behavior of the most basic particles and the forces between them. For centuries, we have searched for these laws by studying the results of experiments. </div><div> </div><div> </div><div> </div><div>Since the 1970s, however, experiments at the world's most powerful atom-smashers have offered few new clues. So some of the world's leading physicists have looked to a different source of insight: modern mathematics. These physicists are sometimes accused of doing 'fairy-tale physics', unrelated to the real world. But in <i>The Universe Speaks in Numbers</i>, award-winning science writer and biographer Farmelo argues that the physics they are doing is based squarely on the well-established principles of quantum theory and relativity, and part of a tradition dating back to Isaac Newton. </div><div> </div><div> </div><div> </div><div>With unprecedented access to some of the world's greatest scientific minds, Farmelo offers a vivid, behind-the-scenes account of the blossoming relationship between mathematics and physics and the research that could revolutionize our understanding of reality.</div><div> </div><div> </div><div> </div><div>A masterful account of the some of the most groundbreaking ideas in physics in the past four decades. <i>The Universe Speaks in Numbers</i> is essential reading for anyone interested in the quest to discover the fundamental laws of nature.</div></div></div>
Python Data Science Handbook: Essential Tools for Working with Da...
by Jake VanderPlas

Language

English

Pages

550

Publication Date

November 21, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div><p>For many researchers, Python is a first-class tool mainly because of its libraries for storing, manipulating, and gaining insight from data. Several resources exist for individual pieces of this data science stack, but only with the Python Data Science Handbook do you get them all—IPython, NumPy, Pandas, Matplotlib, Scikit-Learn, and other related tools.</p><p>Working scientists and data crunchers familiar with reading and writing Python code will find this comprehensive desk reference ideal for tackling day-to-day issues: manipulating, transforming, and cleaning data; visualizing different types of data; and using data to build statistical or machine learning models. Quite simply, this is the must-have reference for scientific computing in Python.</p><p>With this handbook, you’ll learn how to use:</p><ul><li><b>IPython and Jupyter:</b> provide computational environments for data scientists using Python</li><li><b>NumPy:</b> includes the <i>ndarray</i> for efficient storage and manipulation of dense data arrays in Python</li><li><b>Pandas:</b> features the DataFrame for efficient storage and manipulation of labeled/columnar data in Python</li><li><b>Matplotlib:</b> includes capabilities for a flexible range of data visualizations in Python</li><li><b>Scikit-Learn:</b> for efficient and clean Python implementations of the most important and established machine learning algorithms</li></ul></div>
The Scientific Attitude: Defending Science from Denial, Fraud, an...
by Lee McIntyre

Language

English

Pages

296

Publication Date

April 12, 2019

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<P><B>An argument that what makes science distinctive is its emphasis on evidence and scientists' willingness to change theories on the basis of new evidence.</B></P><P>Attacks on science have become commonplace. Claims that climate change isn't settled science, that evolution is “only a theory,” and that scientists are conspiring to keep the truth about vaccines from the public are staples of some politicians' rhetorical repertoire. Defenders of science often point to its discoveries (penicillin! relativity!) without explaining exactly why scientific claims are superior. In this book, Lee McIntyre argues that what distinguishes science from its rivals is what he calls “the scientific attitude”—caring about evidence and being willing to change theories on the basis of new evidence. The history of science is littered with theories that were scientific but turned out to be wrong; the scientific attitude reveals why even a failed theory can help us to understand what is special about science. </P><P>McIntyre offers examples that illustrate both scientific success (a reduction in childbed fever in the nineteenth century) and failure (the flawed “discovery” of cold fusion in the twentieth century). He describes the transformation of medicine from a practice based largely on hunches into a science based on evidence; considers scientific fraud; examines the positions of ideology-driven denialists, pseudoscientists, and “skeptics” who reject scientific findings; and argues that social science, no less than natural science, should embrace the scientific attitude. McIntyre argues that the scientific attitude—the grounding of science in evidence—offers a uniquely powerful tool in the defense of science.</P>
The Knowledge: How to Rebuild Civilization in the Aftermath of a ...
by Lewis Dartnell

Language

English

Pages

328

Publication Date

April 17, 2014

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<b>How would you go about rebuilding a technological society from scratch?</b><br /><br /> If our technological society collapsed tomorrow what would be the one book you would want to press into the hands of the postapocalyptic survivors? What crucial knowledge would they need to survive in the immediate aftermath and to rebuild civilization as quickly as possible?<br /><br /><p>Human knowledge is collective, distributed across the population. It has built on itself for centuries, becoming vast and increasingly specialized. Most of us are ignorant about the fundamental principles of the civilization that supports us, happily utilizing the latest—or even the most basic—technology without having the slightest idea of why it works or how it came to be. If you had to go back to absolute basics, like some sort of postcataclysmic Robinson Crusoe, would you know how to re-create an internal combustion engine, put together a microscope, get metals out of rock, or even how to produce food for yourself?</p><p><br />Lewis Dartnell proposes that the key to preserving civilization in an apocalyptic scenario is to provide a quickstart guide, adapted to cataclysmic circumstances. <i>The Knowledge</i> describes many of the modern technologies we employ, but first it explains the fundamentals upon which they are built. Every piece of technology rests on an enormous support network of other technologies, all interlinked and mutually dependent. You can’t hope to build a radio, for example, without understanding how to acquire the raw materials it requires, as well as generate the electricity needed to run it. But Dartnell doesn’t just provide specific information for starting over; he also reveals the greatest invention of them all—the phenomenal knowledge-generating machine that is the scientific method itself. </p><p><br /> <i>The Knowledge</i> is a brilliantly original guide to the fundamentals of science and how it built our modern world.</p>

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