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Late Cenozoic Yushe Basin, Shanxi Province, China: Geology and Fo...
by Springer

Language

English

Pages

227

Publication Date

June 18, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>This volume focuses on small mammal fossils from extinct Asian faunas of about 1 to 7 million years ago in North China.  These played a role in the emergence of vertebrate paleontology as a modern science in that country. This second volume of the sub-series <i>Late Cenozoic Yushe Basin, Shanxi Province, China: Geology and Fossil</i> Mammals in the <i>Vertebrate Paleobiology</i> <i>and Paleoanthropology </i>book series deals with a rich microfauna fossil record; megafauna follow in subsequent volumes.</p><br /><br /><p> </p><br /><br /><p>This research on Yushe Basin fossils provides a view of changes in northeast Asian terrestrial faunas during the Late Neogene, and therefore is a key to the biochronology for a vast part of the continent. The faunas recovered by the multinational team working in this region represent changes in small mammal communities of the Yushe Basin, revealed on a finer time scale that has not been achieved previously. Detailed systematic studies on small mammal groups proceeded under the care of specialists are outlined in the chapters of this volume. Paleontologists, ecologists and evolutionary biologists will find this book appealing.</p>
Origins of Darwin's Evolution: Solving the Species Puzzle Through...
by J. David Archibald

Language

English

Pages

256

Publication Date

September 05, 2017

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Customer Reviews
In <i>On the Origin of Species</i> (1859), Charles Darwin presented his evidence for evolution and natural selection as its mechanism. He drew upon his earliest data gathered during his voyage on the HMS <i>Beagle</i>, which included collecting mammalian fossils in South America clearly related to living forms, tracing the geographical distributions of living species across South America, and sampling the peculiar fauna of the geologically young Galápagos Archipelago that showed evident affinities to South American forms. By the end of the voyage, he came to the realization that instead of various centers of creation, species evolved in different regions throughout the world. However, except for some personal ponderings, he did not express this revelation explicitly in his notebooks until shortly after his return. Over the years, he collected more evidence supporting evolution, but his early work remained paramount: it became the first paragraph of <i>On the Origin of Species</i> and encompassed three separate chapters, as well as later appearing in his autobiography.<br /><br /> Many discussions of Darwin’s landmark book give scant attention to this wealth of evidence and today we still do not fully appreciate its significance in Darwin’s thinking. In <i>Origins of Darwin’s Evolution</i>, J. David Archibald explores this lapse. He also shows that Darwin’s other early passion, geology, proved a more elusive corroboration of evolution. <i>On the Origin of Species</i> dedicated only one chapter to the rock and fossil record, as it appeared too incomplete for Darwin’s evidentiary standards. Carefully retracing Darwin’s gathering of evidence and the evolution of his thinking, <i>Origins of Darwin’s Evolution</i> achieves a new understanding of how Darwin crafted his transformative theory.
The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks: Tales of Important Geological...
by Donald R. Prothero

Language

English

Pages

352

Publication Date

January 02, 2018

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Customer Reviews
Every rock is a tangible trace of the earth’s past. In <i>The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks,</i> Donald R. Prothero tells the fascinating stories behind the discoveries that shook the foundations of geology. In twenty-five chapters—each about a particular rock, outcrop, or geologic phenomenon—Prothero recounts the scientific detective work that took us from the unearthing of exemplary specimens to tectonic shifts in how we view our planet and history.<br /><br />Prothero follows in the footsteps of the scientists who asked—and answered—geology’s biggest questions: How do we know how old the earth is? What happened to the supercontinent Pangea? How did ocean rocks end up at the top of Mount Everest? What can we learn about our planet from meteorites and moon rocks? <i>The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks</i> answers these questions through expertly chosen case studies, such as Pliny the Elder’s firsthand account of the eruption of Vesuvius; the granite outcrops that led a Scottish scientist to theorize that the landscapes he witnessed were far older than Noah’s Flood; the gypsum deposits under the Mediterranean Sea that indicate that it was once a desert; and how trying to date the age of meteorites revealed the dangers of lead poisoning. Each of these breakthroughs filled in a piece of the puzzle that is the earth, with scientific discoveries dovetailing with each other to offer increasingly solid evidence of the geologic past. Summarizing a wealth of information in an entertaining, approachable style, <i>The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks</i> is essential reading for the armchair geologist, the rock hound, and all who are curious about the earth beneath their feet.
Neither Ghost nor Machine: The Emergence and Nature of Selves
by Jeremy Sherman

Language

English

Pages

272

Publication Date

October 10, 2017

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Customer Reviews
If the universe is aimless, how do selves and aims emerge? Why do living beings have aims when inanimate things do not? Current science encourages us to reject the ghost-in-the-machine explanation—that something called spirit, soul, mind, or will was somehow breathed into matter—and instead accept that selves are just matter, in aimless mechanistic motion like everything else. But what about life’s many emergent qualities, the multifarious purposes that shape actual physical behavior not just in human lives, but in all of life? Even the simplest life forms have adaptive functions, traits that accomplish goals or ends. How can we explain the nature and origin of selves and aims without resorting to supernatural forces or explaining them away as nothing but cause-and-effect mechanisms?<br /><br />In <i>Neither Ghost nor Machine</i>, Jeremy Sherman explains the emergence of selves and aims in an aimless universe. He distills for a general audience the theory developed by renowned neuroscientist Terrence Deacon, which extends the breakthrough constraint-based insight that inspired evolutionary, information, and self-organization theory. Emergent dynamics theory provides a testable hypothesis for how mattering arose from matter, function from physics, and means-to-ends behavior from cause-and-effect dynamics. It offers a physics of purpose, demonstrating that there is a strictly physical explanation for the emergence and nature of selves and aims, one that shows our existence in an otherwise inanimate universe is not absurd. <i>Neither Ghost nor Machine</i> bridges the gap between the hard and soft sciences, suggesting fresh and exciting solutions to philosophical mysteries that have perplexed humanity for millennia, from free will to causality to morality.
Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of R...
by E. Fuller Torrey

Language

English

Pages

288

Publication Date

September 05, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Religions and mythologies from around the world teach that God or gods created humans. Atheist, humanist, and materialist critics, meanwhile, have attempted to turn theology on its head, claiming that religion is a human invention. In this book, E. Fuller Torrey draws on cutting-edge neuroscience research to propose a startling answer to the ultimate question. <i>Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods</i> locates the origin of gods within the human brain, arguing that religious belief is a byproduct of evolution.<br /><br />Based on an idea originally proposed by Charles Darwin, Torrey marshals evidence that the emergence of gods was an incidental consequence of several evolutionary factors. Using data ranging from ancient skulls and artifacts to brain imaging, primatology, and child development studies, this book traces how new cognitive abilities gave rise to new behaviors. For instance, autobiographical memory, the ability to project ourselves backward and forward in time, gave <i>Homo sapiens</i> a competitive advantage. However, it also led to comprehension of mortality, spurring belief in an alternative to death. Torrey details the neurobiological sequence that explains why the gods appeared when they did, connecting archaeological findings including clothing, art, farming, and urbanization to cognitive developments. This book does not dismiss belief but rather presents religious belief as an inevitable outcome of brain evolution. Providing clear and accessible explanations of evolutionary neuroscience, <i>Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods</i> will shed new light on the mechanics of our deepest mysteries.
The Theory That Changed Everything: "On the Origin of Species" as...
by Philip Lieberman

Language

English

Pages

224

Publication Date

November 07, 2017

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Few people have done as much to change how we view the world as Charles Darwin. Yet <i>On the Origin of Species</i> is more cited than read. Some of it is considered outdated; in some ways, it has been consigned to the nineteenth century. In <i>The Theory That Changed Everything</i>, the renowned cognitive scientist Philip Lieberman demonstrates that there is no better guide to the world's living things than Darwin, as the phenomena that he observed are still being explored at the frontiers of science.<br /><br />In a wide-ranging voyage from Darwin's transformative trip aboard the <i>Beagle</i> to Lieberman's own sojourns in the remotest regions of the Himalayas, this book relates contemporary findings to the major concepts of Darwinian theory. Drawing on his own research into the evolution of human linguistic and cognitive abilities, Lieberman explains the paths that adapted human anatomy to language, the acrobatics of the lungs and larynx and a tongue that facilitates speech at the cost of the peril of choking. He demystifies the role of recently identified transcriptional and epigenetic factors encoded in DNA, explaining how nineteenth-century Swedish famines alternating with years of plenty caused survivors' grandchildren to die many years short of their life expectancy. Lieberman is equally at home decoding supermarket shelves and climbing with the Sherpas as he discusses how natural selection explains features from lactose tolerance to ease of breathing at Himalayan altitudes. With conversational clarity and memorable examples, Lieberman relates the insights that led to groundbreaking discoveries in both Darwin's time and our own while asking provocative questions about what Darwin would have made of controversial issues today.
10% Human: How Your Body's Microbes Hold the Key to Health and Ha...
by Alanna Collen

Language

English

Pages

355

Publication Date

May 05, 2015

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>You are just 10% human. For every one of the cells that make up the vessel that you call your body, there are nine impostor cells hitching a ride. You are not just flesh and blood, muscle and bone, brain and skin, but also bacteria and fungi. Over your lifetime, you will carry the equivalent weight of five African elephants in microbes. You are not an individual but a colony.</p><p>Until recently, we had thought our microbes hardly mattered, but science is revealing a different story, one in which microbes run our bodies and becoming a healthy human is impossible without them.</p><p>In this riveting, shocking, and beautifully written book, biologist Alanna Collen draws on the latest scientific research to show how our personal colony of microbes influences our weight, our immune system, our mental health, and even our choice of partner. She argues that so many of our modern diseases—obesity, autism, mental illness, digestive disorders, allergies, autoimmunity afflictions, and even cancer—have their root in our failure to cherish our most fundamental and enduring relationship: that with our personal colony of microbes.</p><p>Many of the questions about modern diseases left unanswered by the Human Genome Project are illuminated by this new science. And the good news is that unlike our human cells, we can change our microbes for the better. Collen's book is a revelatory and indispensable guide. It is science writing at its most relevant: life—and your body—will never seem the same again.</p>
Diet Evolution Cookbook: Quick, Easy and Delicious Recipes to use...
by Sarah Jacobs

Language

English

Pages

Publication Date

May 11, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Hi! My name is Sarah Jacobs, and like many others here, I have been on Dr. Gundry’s Diet Evolution for some time now and have experienced incredible results. I was drastically overweight, and had diabetes and high cholesterol. After four months on the diet I lost 31 pounds and was told by my doctor that I no longer had diabetes! This diet truly works - it has been a life saver for me.<br /><br />The one thing that I did struggle with while on the diet though was finding recipes to fit the diet. It felt like such a labor finding recipes and then matching it against the accepted foods to eat. Finally through a lot of trial and error, and time, as well as substituting out foods of my favorite recipes, I finally came up with a decent collection of recipes that tasted great!<br /><br />Throughout this book, I share with you these recipes. I hope that it takes away the trial, error, and pain of endlessly searching for recipes and constant experimenting with substituting out ingredients!<br /><br />Each recipe is accompanied by a photograph so that you can visualize the meal before you make it. As I am a busy working mother of three, I understand only too well how important time is. Every recipe is quick and easy, and you will find that most can be made after a busy day at work. <br /><br />I hope that this book makes tackling the Dr. Gundry’s Diet Evolution that much easier, and helps you along your path to achieving your weight loss and health goals.<br /><br /><br />All the Best,<br /><br /><br /><br />Sarah Jacobs
The Panda's Thumb: More Reflections in Natural History
by Stephen Jay Gould

Language

English

Pages

356

Publication Date

November 29, 2010

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>"Gould is a natural writer; he has something to say and the inclination and skill with which to say it." —P. B. Medawar, <em>New York Review of Books</em></p><br /><p>With sales of well over one million copies in North America alone, the commercial success of Gould's books now matches their critical acclaim. <em>The Panda's Thumb</em> will introduce a new generation of readers to this unique writer, who has taken the art of the scientific essay to new heights.</p><br /><p>Were dinosaurs really dumber than lizards? Why, after all, are roughly the same number of men and women born into the world? What led the famous Dr. Down to his theory of mongolism, and its racist residue? What do the panda's magical "thumb" and the sea turtle's perilous migration tell us about imperfections that prove the evolutionary rule? The wonders and mysteries of evolutionary biology are elegantly explored in these and other essays by the celebrated natural history writer Stephen Jay Gould.</p>
Dr. Gundry's Diet Evolution: Turn Off the Genes That Are Killing ...
by Dr. Steven R. Gundry

Language

English

Pages

304

Publication Date

March 11, 2008

Product Description
Customer Reviews
"Dr. Gundry has crafted a wise program with a powerful track record.” <br />–Mehmet Oz, M.D.<br /><br />Does losing weight and staying healthy feel like a battle? Well, it’s really a war. Your enemies are your own genes, backed by millions of years of evolution, and the only way to win is to outsmart them. Renowned surgeon and founder of Gundry MD, Dr. Steven Gundry’s revolutionary book shares the health secrets other doctors won’t tell you:<br /><br />• Why plants are “good” for you because they’re “bad” for you, and meat is “bad” because it’s “good” for you<br />• Why plateauing on this diet is actually a sign that you’re on the right track<br />• Why artificial sweeteners have the same effects as sugar on your health and your waistline<br />• Why taking antacids, statins, and drugs for high blood pressure and arthritis masks health issues instead of addressing them<br /><br />Along with the meal planner, 70 delicious recipes, and inspirational stories, Dr. Gundry’s easy-to-memorize tips will keep you healthy and on course.

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