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Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Communist Party
by Routledge

Language

English

Pages

432

Publication Date

August 18, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<P>Whilst the Chinese Communist Party is one of the most powerful political institutions in the world, it is also one of the least understood, due to the party’s secrecy and tight control over the archives, the press and the Internet. Having governed the People’s Republic of China for nearly 70 years though, much interest remains into how this quintessentially Leninist party governs one-fifth of the world and runs the world’s second-largest economy. </P><br /><P>The <I>Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Communist Party </I>gives a comprehensive and multi-faceted picture of the party’s traditions and values – as well as its efforts to stay relevant in the twenty-first century. It uses a wealth of contemporary data and qualitative analysis to explore the intriguing relationship between the party on the one hand, and the government, the legal and judicial establishment and the armed forces, on the other. Tracing the influence of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, as well as Mao Zedong, on contemporary leaders ranging from Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping, the sections cover:</P><br /><UL><br /><LI>the party’s history and traditions;</LI><br /><LI>how the party works and seeks to remain relevant;</LI><br /><LI>major policy arenas;</LI><br /><LI>the CCP in the twenty-first century.</LI></UL><br /><P>The <I>Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Communist Party </I>will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese Politics, Asian Politics, Political Parties and International Relations.</P>
Traité sur la tolérance (French Edition)
by Voltaire

Language

French

Pages

302

Publication Date

August 16, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Extrait:<br /><br />E meurtre de Calas, commis dans Toulouſe avec le glaive de la Juſtice, le 9me Mars 1762, eſt un des plus ſinguliers événements qui méritent l’attention de notre âge & de la poſtérité. On oublie bientôt cette foule de morts qui a péri dans des batailles ſans nombre, non-ſeulement parce que c’eſt la fatalité inévitable de la guerre, mais parce que ceux qui meurent par le ſort des armes pouvaient auſſi donner la mort à leurs ennemis, & n’ont point péri ſans ſe défendre. Là où le danger & l’avantage ſont égaux, l’étonnement ceſſe, & la pitié même s’affaiblit : mais ſi un Père de famille innocent eſt livré aux mains de l’erreur, ou de la paſſion, ou du fanatiſme ; ſi l’accuſé n’a de défenſe que ſa vertu, ſi les arbitres de ſa vie n’ont à riſquer en l’égorgeant que de ſe tromper, s’ils peuvent tuer impunément par un arrêt ; alors le cri public s’élève, chacun craint pour ſoi-même ; on voit que perſonne n’eſt en ſûreté de ſa vie devant un Tribunal érigé pour veiller ſur la vie des Citoyens, & toutes les voix ſe réuniſſent pour demander vengeance.<br /><br />Il s’agiſſait, dans cette étrange affaire, de Religion, de ſuicide, de parricide : il s’agiſſait de ſavoir ſi un père & une mère avaient étranglé leur fils pour plaire à Dieu, ſi un frère avait étranglé ſon frère, ſi un ami avait étranglé ſon ami, & ſi les Juges avaient à ſe reprocher d’avoir fait mourir ſur la roue un père innocent, ou d’avoir épargné une mère, un frère, un ami coupables.<br /><br />Jean Calas, âgé de ſoixante & huit ans, exerçait la profeſſion de Négociant à Toulouſe depuis plus de quarante années, & était reconnu de tous ceux qui ont vécu avec lui pour un bon père. Il était Proteſtant, ainſi que ſa femme & tous ſes enfants, excepté un qui avait abjuré l’héréſie, & à qui le père faiſait une petite penſion. Il paraiſſait ſi éloigné de cet abſurde fanatiſme qui rompt tous les liens de la Société, qu’il approuva la converſion de ſon fils Louis Calas, & qu’il avait depuis trente ans chez lui une ſervante zélée Catholique, laquelle avait élevé tous ſes enfants.<br /><br />Un des fils de Jean Calas, nommé Marc-Antoine, était un homme de Lettres : il paſſait pour un eſprit inquiet, ſombre & violent. Ce jeune homme ne pouvant réuſſir ni à entrer dans le négoce, auquel il n’était pas propre, ni à être reçu Avocat, parce qu’il fallait des certificats de Catholicité, qu’il ne put obtenir, réſolut de finir ſa vie, & fit preſſentir ce deſſein à un de ſes amis : il ſe confirma dans ſa réſolution par la lecture de tout ce qu’on a jamais écrit ſur le ſuicide.<br /><br />Enfin, un jour, ayant perdu ſon argent au jeu, il choiſit ce jour la même pour exécuter ſon deſſein. Un ami de ſa famille, & le ſien, nommé Lavaiſſe, jeune-homme de dix-neuf ans, connu par la candeur & la douceur de ſes mœurs, fils d’un Avocat célèbre de Toulouſe, était arrivé de Bordeaux la veille ; il ſoupa par haſard chez les Calas. Le père, la mère, Marc-Antoine leur fils aîné, Pierre leur ſecond fils, mangèrent enſemble. Après le ſouper on ſe retira dans un petit ſallon ; Marc-Antoine diſparut : enfin, lorſque le jeune Lavaiſſe voulut partir, Pierre Calas & lui étant deſcendus, trouvèrent en-bas, auprès du magaſin, Marc-Antoine, en chemiſe, pendu à une porte, & ſon habit plié ſur le comptoir ; ſa chemiſe n’était pas ſeulement dérangée ; ſes cheveux étaient bien peignés : il n’avait ſur ſon corps aucune playe, aucune meurtriſſure.<br /><br />On paſſe ici tous les détails dont les Avocats ont rendu compte : on ne décrira point la douleur & le déſeſpoir du père & de la mère : leurs cris furent entendus des voiſins. Lavaiſſe & Pierre Calas, hors d’eux-mêmes, coururent chercher des Chirurgiens & la Juſtice.<br /><br />Pendant qu’ils s’acquittaient de ce devoir, pendant que le père & la mère étaient dans les ſanglots & dans les larmes, le Peuple de Toulouſe s’attroupait autour de la maiſon. Ce Peuple eſt ſuperſtitieux & emporté ; il regarde comme des monſtres ſes frères qui ne ſont pas de la même Religion que lui. C’eſt à Toulouſe qu’on...
Constitutionalism and Democracy (The International Library of Ess...
by Routledge

Language

English

Pages

622

Publication Date

July 05, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Constitutionalism and democracy have been interpreted as both intimately related and intrinsically opposed. On the one hand constitutions are said to set out the rules of the democratic game, on the other as constraining the power of the demos and their representatives to rule themselves - including by reforming the very processes of democracy itself. Meanwhile, constitutionalists themselves differ on how far any constitution derives its authority from, and should itself be subject to democratic endorsement and interpretation. They also dispute whether constitutions should refer solely to democratic processes, or also define and limit democratic goals. Each of these positions produces a different view of judicial review, the content and advisability of a Bill of Rights and the nature of constitutional politics. These differences are not simply academic positions, but are reflected in the different types of constitutional democracy found in the United States, continental Europe, Britain and many commonwealth countries. The selected essays explore these issues from the perspectives of law, philosophy and political science. A detailed and informative introduction sets them in the context of contemporary debates about constitutionalism.
Transforming Religious Liberties: A New Theory of Religious Right...
by S. I. Strong

Language

English

Pages

Publication Date

September 30, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Religious liberties are at the centre of many debates on how liberal democratic societies can accommodate diversity. This book considers the interaction between law and religion from a broad international, comparative and jurisprudential perspective and proposes a new theoretical approach to religious liberty that both transcends and transforms current approaches to religious rights. Not only does the discussion draw on the work of a range of legal and political philosophers including John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin and John Finnis, it also tests the validity of the various proposals against actual 'hard cases' derived from multiple jurisdictions. In so doing, the analysis overcomes longstanding challenges to existing religious rights regimes and identifies a new theoretical paradigm that specifically addresses the challenges associated with religiously pluralist societies. Through this type of interdisciplinary analysis, the book identifies a religio-legal system that both religious and non-religious people can support.
Prosecutors and Democracy: A Cross-National Study (ASCL Studies i...
by Cambridge University Press

Language

English

Pages

Publication Date

September 30, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Focusing squarely on the relationship between prosecutors and democracy, this volume throws light on key questions about prosecutors and what role they should play in a democracy. Internationally distinguished scholars discuss how prosecutors can strengthen democracy, how they can undermine it, and why it has proven so challenging to hold prosecutors accountable while insulating them from politics. Drawing on experiences from the United States, the UK and continental Europe, the contributors show how different legal systems have addressed that challenge in very different ways. Comparing and contrasting those strategies allows us to assess their relative strengths - and to gain a richer understanding of the contested connections between law and democratic politics. Chapters are in explicit conversation with each other, showing how each author's perspective informs, or differs from, that of the others. This is an ideal resource for legal scholars and reformers, political philosophers, and social scientists.
Embedded Courts: Judicial Decision-Making in China
by , Xin He

Language

English

Pages

Publication Date

September 30, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Embedded Courts is laden with tension. Chinese courts are organized as a singular and unified system yet grassroots courts in urban and rural regions differ greatly in the way they use the law and are as diverse as the populations they serve. Based on extensive fieldwork and in-depth interviews, this book offers a penetrating discussion of the operation of Chinese courts. It explains how Chinese judges rule and how the law is not the only script they follow - political, administrative, social and economic factors all influence verdicts. This landmark work will revise our understanding of the role of law in China - one that cannot be easily understood through the standard lens of judicial independence and separation of powers. Ng and He make clear the struggle facing frontline judges as they bridge the gap between a rule-based application of law and an instrumentalist view that prioritizes stability maintenance.
In Pursuit of Pluralist Jurisprudence
by Cambridge University Press

Language

English

Pages

392

Publication Date

September 30, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
The pluralist turn in jurisprudence has led to a search for new ways of thinking about law. The relationships between state law and other legal orders such as international, customary, transnational or indigenous law are particularly significant in this development. Collecting together new work by leading scholars in the field, this volume considers the basic questions about what would be an appropriate theoretical response to this shift: wow precisely is it to be undertaken? Is it called for by developments in legal practice or are these adequately addressed by current legal theory? What normative challenges are raised, and what fresh promises might the pluralist turn hold? What distinctive insights can it offer for theorising about law? This book presents a rich variety of resources drawn from a number of theoretical approaches and demonstrates how they might be brought together to generate an increasingly important pluralist jurisprudence.
Ensayos de derecho contractual financiero (Spanish Edition)
by Universidad del Pacífico

Language

Spanish

Pages

272

Publication Date

August 16, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<div style="text-align: justify;">Así como los contratos son fundamentales para el sistema de libre mercado, la intermediación financiera también lo es. La función de captar y colocar dinero permite que la producción se incremente y que las personas tengan una mayor calidad de vida. La sofisticación del mundo contractual obedece a la presión innovadora generada en los sistemas de intermediación financiera. Desafortunadamente, en nuestro país, la literatura contractual ha ignorado casi por completo este mundo complejo, desafiante y en constante evolución. Este libro reúne un conjunto de ensayos que giran en torno a la relación entre los esquemas contractuales y la intermediación financiera. Su propósito es mostrar la enorme riqueza del debate académico en esta materia, así como su vigencia práctica.<br /><br /></div><br /><br /><br /><em>Cecilia O’Neill</em><br /><br /><br /><br /><div style="text-align: justify;">Es abogada por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP) y máster en Derecho por la University of Pennsylvania. Es jefa del Departamento Académico de Derecho y profesora de Derecho Civil de la Universidad del Pacífico. También, es profesora del curso Cine y Derecho en la PUCP. Es árbitro en procesos arbitrales administrados por el Centro de Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio de Lima, el Centro de Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio Americana del Perú y el Centro de Arbitraje de la PUCP.</div><br /><br /><br /><br /><em>Freddy Escobar</em><br /><br /><br /><br /><div style="text-align: justify;">Es abogado por la PUCP, y magister en Derecho (LLM) por la Universidad de Harvard. Ha seguido estudios de postgrado en Contratación Financiera en la Universidad Castilla. Ha dictado en la Universidad del Pacífico, la PUCP, la Universidad de Lima y la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Ha publicado más de treinta trabajos académicos. Ha obtenido los premios Microsoft (2010) y Alacde (2012) por sus trabajos de investigación. Como abogado, ha sido parte del Grupo Telefónica (Lima-Madrid), de Andersen y de Ernst & Young (Lima-Nueva York). Actualmente, es socio de Ferrero Abogados.</div>
Beyond Trade: The Impact of WTO's Transparency Norms on Socialist...
by Van Long Tran

Language

English

Pages

463

Publication Date

August 23, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Because of its unique model of global governance, the mission of the WTO is not only to facilitate transnational trade but also to improve its members’ governance. In so doing, the WTO has clearly become a mechanism by which Western industrialized countries establish certain norms and then impose them on the weaker members with varying degrees of acceptance. Many scholars have highlighted this role of the WTO as a policy anchor hypothesis, as vehicles for policy reform in developing countries through a wide range of commitments related to domestic public policy. <br />The conclusion of the Uruguay Round in 1994 marked a momentous turning point in the history of international trade, as the WTO was opened to all countries or separate customs territories regardless of their political characteristics or levels of development. Nonetheless, a few current socialist countries remained outside of the WTO system until the accession of the People’s Republic of China to the WTO in December 2001, which marked one of the most controversial events in the history of the world trading system. Transparency, accountability, public participation, and other Western norms diffused by the WTO seem to be at odds with ideological foundations and institutional infrastructure in Chinese-modeled Socialist-oriented states. Thus their compliances with these norms are likely to be problematic. In the face of so many obstacles to the transparency norms in these countries, such as the dictatorship of the Communist party, the ambiguity in the legal system, the WTO needs to envisage the challenge it is facing. How can it effectively deal with these obstacles to trade facilitation, progressive liberalization and beyond, without exceedingly interfering domestic politics? Understandably, differential treatment exercised in WTO-plus obligations from the China’s WTO accession negotiations aims to not only improve the compliance but also address the institutional issues in China and its “comrade” countries toward good governance and democracy.<br />Empirically, China and Vietnam present a significant increase in the level of trade freedom since WTO accession, but trade openness does not go hand in hand with freedom, liberty, and democracy. Although the WTO transparency has successfully promoted the freedom of information and opened the market system in these socialist states, on the other hand, it has posed a threat to the leadership of Communist parties. As a consequence, the ruling parties have reinforced control over the free press more and more strictly to prevent political dictatorship from the influence of democratic values enshrined in WTO agreements, such as transparency, responsiveness, accountability, and public participation.<br />Quo Vadis? The Socialist States<br />From economic growth to social mobilization, middle class tends to generate a growing nascent civil society that may open the closed door of a regime. From the increase of civil liberties in Vietnam, the slight and slow progress in voice and accountability performances in China and Vietnam, I believe that social mobilization will be a motivation for democratically progressive trend. Of course, this path to development is lengthy, painful, and stepped. Transparency norms should play a role of catalyst for this transformation by enabling interactions between elements of good governance toward building an open government and democracy. <br />To demonstrate this transition process, this book uses the case study of Vietnam to exemplify the openness dilemma that socialist states have to deal with, and shed more light on the path to development in which transparency norms has played the role as a vital catalyst. In the case of Vietnam, the WTO accession is clearly the beginning of a new era in Vietnam, the era of globalization through which economic diplomacy iis associated with domestic needs. Vietnam has been changing, gradually and progressively, to meet the goal of compliance with the WTO.<br />
For the Thrill of It: Leopold, Loeb, and the Murder That Shocked ...
by Simon Baatz

Language

English

Pages

562

Publication Date

October 13, 2009

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>It was a crime that shocked the nation: the brutal murder in Chicago in 1924 of a child by two wealthy college students who killed solely for the thrill of the experience. Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb were intellectuals—too smart, they believed, for the police to catch them. When they were apprehended, state's attorney Robert Crowe was certain that no defense could save the ruthless killers from the gallows. But the families of the confessed murderers hired Clarence Darrow, entrusting the lives of their sons to the most famous lawyer in America in what would be one of the most sensational criminal trials in the history of American justice.</p><p>Set against the backdrop of the 1920s—a time of prosperity, self-indulgence, and hedonistic excess in a lawless city on the brink of anarchy—<em>For the Thrill of It</em> draws the reader into a world of speakeasies and flappers, of gangsters and gin parties, with a spellbinding narrative of Jazz Age murder and mystery.</p>

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